December 2020: Christmas Quiz
CHRISTMAS QUIZ 2020
Answers now at the end of the quiz
Section 1: Drink and Drugs!
1.Tequila is an alcoholic beverage prepared from which succulent plant?
2.Which common garden flower is used as a key component in the French liqueur Chartreuse?
3.What is another name for Valerian, thought to have medicinal properties?
4.What is the name of the alcohol made from the fruit of the Strawberry Tree (Arbutus Unedo)?
5. What medicine is derived from the foxglove plant?
6. What can the Juniper berry be used for?
Section 2: Local connections.
1.Which garden is associated with Lucy Boston’s house of Green Knowe books?
2. Which National Trust garden was originally owned by a Quaker Banking family?
3. Which two local gardens have outstanding winter gardens?
4. What national tree collection is held at Wimpole Hall?
5. Which Cambridge College has one of the biggest displays in the country of Parthenocissus quinquefolia on its walls?
6. Which Orchard would you have come across numerous famous visitors including Royalty taking tea?
7. Which notable landscaper is buried in St Peter and Paul churchyard, Fenstanton?
8. Where would you find a Grotto and Fernery made from Pulhamite?
9. What kind of plant is Fragaria x ananassa ‘Cambridge Favourite’?
10. Of what is the flower of the Titum arum said to smell, and why (it flowered in the botanical gardens glasshouses 2017)?
11. Where would you go to find halophytes? Wicken fen? Orford Ness? Thetford forest? Graffham water?
12. What is special about the name Maris in the potatoes Maris Peer and Maris Piper?
Section 3: General
1. What familiar plant is known as Hylotelephium?
2. To which invasive plant is Buckwheat related?
3. What is petrichor?
4. In which year did the first RHS Chelsea Flower Show take place?
5. Which ancient Greek philosopher, a student of Aristotle, is regarded as the Father of Botany?
6. What are ramsons better known as?
7. What are Blenheim Orange, Irish Peach and Keswick Codlin?
8. What plant inspired the ancient Greeks to sculpt a decoration on Corinthian columns?
9. What do the herb Self-heal and a Dunnock have in common?
10. On which island might you find Bere growing? Lundy? Anglesey? Mersea? Orkney?
11. How is an Aspidistra pollinated?
12. Who was the first presenter of Gardener’s World?
13. What is the common name for PETROSELINUM?
14. What plant is known as The Herb of Grace?
15 What type of fruit is a Winter Nelis?
16 What type of plant is a Eurybia divaricata?
17 What is the proper name for the foxglove tree?
18. Name three local butterflies whose names have botanical associations?
Section 4: Just a little bit cryptic -proper plant names - Name the plant.
The bold type is for the Latin name.
1 Rainbow goddess, sometimes netted, sometimes bearded. (4)
2 Douglas’ marsh-flower is an element in full English breakfast. (7,3,5)
3 Small sword from Byzantium (and elsewhere), is Dame Edna’s favourite. (9)
4 Smooth sweet root, the heart of Bertie Basset, was once vital to Pontefract. (9)
5 Turkish Turban inspired Dutch painters and 17th century investment mania. (5)
6 Pharmaceutical horn body flavours biscuits and beer. (6)
7 Vain youth remembered in spring flowers, some with a pheasant’s eye. (9)
8 Dove and eagles provide headgear for female elders. (8,7)
9 Silver apricot tree, double lobed, reminds us of a dainty fern. (10 or 5)
10 European of good repute (ironically)put beauty to sleep. (7)
Section 5: ROSES: Match the rose to the person or object – see photos below
Happy New Year: Quiz answers below:
Section 1: Drink and Drugs
1. Agave , 2.Carnation, 3.Allheal, 4. Medronho, 5. Digitalis 6. The making of gin
Section 2: Local Links
1. The Manor, Hemingford Abbots, 2. Wisbech, Peckover House 3. Cambridge Botanical gardens and Anglesey Abbey , 4. Juglans – Walnut 5. St Johns, 6. Orchard Tea Rooms, Granchester, 7. Lancelot (Capability) Brown. 8. The Swiss Garden, Shuttleworth, 9. A Strawberry plant, 10. Rotting Flesh – attracts flies to pollinate it, 11. Orford Ness 12. The potatoes were bred at the Plant Breeding Institute, Maris Lane, Trumpington
1. Sedum, 2. Japanese knotweed, 3. The earthy scent produced when rain falls on dry soil,
4. 1913, 5. Theophrastus, 6. Wild garlic, 7. Heritage apple trees, 8. Acanthus, 9. Their generic Latin name – Prunella, 10. Orkney, 11. By a fungus gnat, 12. Percy Thrower, 13. Parsley 14. Rue 15. A Pear, 16. Aster 17. Paulownia tomentosa, 18. Holly blue; Small heath; Dark-green fritillary; Cabbage white
2 Poached egg plant (Limnanthes douglasii) Greek limne a marsh and anthos a flower, named after Douglas the plant collector.
3 Gladiolus (short sword used by the Romans).
4 Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) Greek glykys sweet , rhiza root and glabra smooth devoid of hairs.
5 Tulip (Tulipa) corruption of Persian/Turkish word tulipant for turban.
6 Ginger (Zingiber officinale) classical name coming from Sanskrit and officinale of the shops.
8 Grannies bonnets/Columbine(Aquilegia vulgaris). Latin aquila eagle and columba dove.
9 Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba) Ginkgo derived from Japanese pronunciation yin-kuo, Chinese for silver apricot, biloba from shape of leaf.
10.Spindle (Euonymus europeus) Greek euonymus of good fame or lucky.
Section 5: Roses and people/objects
1C William Shakespeare, 2B The Fairy, 3I The Pilgrim, 4H Gertrude Jekyll, 5F Lady of Shallot, 6A Dame Judy Dench, 7G Jacqueline du Pre, 8D Ely Cathedral, 9J Claude Monet, 10E Charles Darwin.
Section 6 (Acronym)
Honesty, African Lily, Peruvian Lily, Prairie Gentian, Yarrow,
Carnation, Hollyhock, Red Hot Poker, Ice Plant, Snap Dragon, Transvaal Daisy, Marigold, Alpine Thistle, Statice:
Spells out HAPPY CHRISTMAS